When it comes to surgery, most people become a bit skeptical. Not all surgeries are critical, but we tend to visualize surgery as a fearful deed. Heart surgery is the most difficult one; after all, heart disease can lead one to death. However, it also has several types, and not all heart surgeries are complicated.
Generally, most heart complications are categorized into two parts- coronary heart disease and cardiovascular issues. People living in urban areas such as Bangalore are more likely to experience coronary issues, as revealed by The Lancet Global Health.
Fortunately, the advanced medical services provided by the best heart surgery hospital in Bangalore have assured the people living inside or outside the city.
Open Heart Surgery
Open heart surgery is a surgical treatment with which the chest is opened to resolve heart problems. If required, the surgeon may need to open the heart as well. Several reputed medical research institutes have opined that coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG is the most common heart surgery. It treats multiple coronary heart diseases that might be caused by the plaques built up in the arteries.
When does CABG occur? When an artery or vein gets grafted to a blocked artery, then CABG takes place. Doctors remove the vein from the patient’s legs and then stitch it to the aorta and coronary artery.
There is another way of treating CABG. Following this, the doctors use the internal mammary artery and transfer it from the chest wall to the coronary artery. The grafted artery passes by the blocked artery and creates a bypass. A surgeon can bypass multiple coronary arteries during a single surgery.
Though this is the most common way to treat coronary artery issues, there are several other surgeries for treating the same; such as:
- Transmyocardial Laser Revascularization or TMR
It is used to address enigma only when all other treatments fail. Surgeons do a small incision in the chest to expose the heart muscle and use a highly energized laser to create 1 mm wide channels inside the heart. A study showed evidence that TMR helps grow small new blood vessels inside the heart.
- Heart Valve Replacement
This is a case of open-heart surgery. The surgeon needs to open the heart to pick out the damaged valve and transplant a prosthetic one in its place.
- Heart Transplant
Heart transplant surgery is required when the patient’s heart cannot be made to perform anymore. With this treatment, the surgeons replace the damaged heart with a healthy one.
- Arrhythmia Treatment
Usually, arrhythmias are harmless, but in some rare cases, they can become life-threatening. When one’s heart rate is abnormal, his/her heart may not be able to pump enough blood to the body, leading to the damage of the brain and other organs. This heart issue can be addressed with a pacemaker. This small device can be placed under the chest’s skin.
Angioplasty widens blocked arteries. Surgeons attach a deflated balloon, pass over a fine wire into a tiny vessel, and inflate the balloon to the fixed size. Often, a stent is injected to ensure that the vessel is open and the balloon is getting deflated and removed.
An increasing number of patients suffering from coronary heart diseases in urban India is a genuine concern. But the emerging medical science is giving us a ray of hope. Most metropolitan cities have top-notch medical services. All other cities and semi-urban areas should follow how the best heart surgery hospital in Bangalore is serving the patients.