Sustainability is the next choice of the brighter world; they keep aside a significant portion of the resources for the next generation. The sustainable water system is supposed to provide adequate water facilities for the present generation and safeguard the water without compromising the future ability to accommodate the capacity and quality of water. Water systems in the field of sustainable development may include the use of water and incorporate operations where the use of water has traditionally been expected. Water treatment is a genuine scientific mechanism to enhance the quality of water that can be used as a sustainable package for irrigation, water supply in industry and the maintenance of the river water flow.
Sustainable water supply for irrigation
Since agriculture is an income-earning activity that necessitates irrigation, no developments can be performed without the involvement of water. Also, groundwater was considered as the main source of availing water requirements. But many other sources are to be used to be acquired for water inadequacies. Water treatment methods are to be adopted to treat the used water to enhance the water quality, and further, it can be used for proper irrigation.
Economic and social benefactor
Sustainable water practice is considered an element of integrated water resource management and irrigation. The method of bringing together various stakeholders to discover how rainwater should best be managed from different views is a huge task. Water system sustainability is affected and managed by various economical, social and ecological considerations. To consider the economic benefactors, one has to compromise for cheaper factors yet aim to fulfil applications to treat water in a further eco-friendly manner. On the other hand, considering the social circumstances and treatment practices that cost society’s goodwill have to be withdrawn and more stable, socially favourable and adequate treatment practises have to be adopted.
Reclaimed water: the sustainable practice
Reclaimed water is also known as water recycled collected after human use, is also a better sustainable source of water supply which serves the needs of humans and can be recycled for irrigation purposes. It is a relevant solution to lessen the intensity and stress on primary water resources such as surface and groundwater because surface water is on the verge of extinction. In many areas, people are facing water shortages. The centralised and decentralised water recycling systems include greywater recycling practices and the application of microporous membranes to manage the water. Reclaimed water is supposed to be treated according to the purpose for which it is reused to provide the suitable quality for an assigned application such as irrigation and industrial use.
A safer way to protect the general public
Many regions are poor in freshwater and are trying hard to obtain safe drinking water. People are affected by many health issues due to the consumption of untreated and hazardous water. To eradicate this issue and evade health problems, water treatment such as desalination must be somehow executed. Desalination can generate an adequate water capacity for the regions craving freshwater, which also incorporates small island states. However, desalination plants generate negative repercussions on marine animals’ lives and cause water pollution due to the chemicals applied to treat water and the discharge of chemicals into the ocean. Municipalities and governments are accountable for shielding their citizens from the effect of pollutants, diseases and devastating floods that can be challenging to forecast. Urbanisation causes the further requirement for safe drinking water and sanitation while increasing impermeable areas that create floods. As a result, many cities are striving, and many are vulnerable to safe drinking water and sustainable water practices.