The mobile applications are not specifically designed with the motive of serving as anti-viruses or to transmit data securely over the internet rather they have been designed with the motive of smoothly providing an interface and boosting the functionality to users. Hence, installation of the antivirus application will always help in securing the network and preventing the device from attacks but it cannot protect weak passwords of poorly designed application. So, the organisations must always think about the concept of mobile application security so that overall security and functionality can be given a great boost and the following are some of the very basic loopholes associated with mobile application security that could cause different kinds of issues.
The android specific security risks are mentioned as follows:
- Reverse engineering: Many Android applications are developed in Java which is an integrated development environment and Java applications can be easily reversed with the help of different kinds of free tools available on the internet. After reversing it can be easily packed again into the APK format which can provide the hackers with proper access to login credentials, insights and details about the libraries and several other kinds of things. It can even provide the hackers with the information associated with encryption used in the application which can be exploited perfectly.
- Insecure platform usage: The end operating system can very easily become vulnerable to hackers because of different kinds of issues. Android intent, insecure platform usage and several other kinds of things are very easily happening because of different kinds of issues and they will also help in creating a security lacuna.
- Ignoring the updates: There are several kinds of android developers who ultimately do not update their applications depending upon the operating system patches issued by android which leads to a lot of lack of protection against newly found vulnerabilities. These kinds of updates are launched with the motive of covering the latest security patches and ignoring them can lead to different kinds of security risks in the applications.
- Rooted devices: This particular point will allow the users to have access to third-party applications without any kind of warnings being issued to them. Every user won’t be able to understand the concept of rooted devices but ultimately they will be exposing it to a lot of manipulation from hackers and malware which will make sure that different kinds of issues will be there without any kind of warning to the users.
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Following are some of the iOS-related security risks:
- Jailbreak: This is one of the most popularly used terms associated with Apple devices and it will always involve finding the exploit into the system so that unauthorised users can run the unsigned codes of the mobile devices. This will make sure that every time a user will be rebooting their iPhone it should be connected to a laptop and when the untethered jailbreak will be there it will mean that code will even remain on the phone after it has been rebooted.
- User authentication: The iOS devices always provide the organisations and users with a higher level of safety through face ID and touch ID. But still, it can lead to different kinds of compromises with the security aspect because of continuous attempts from the house of hackers. So, this is a very important flaw in the security which the developers need to address since the very beginning so that applications are never exposed to any kind of vulnerability in the whole process.
- Insecure data usage or storage: Several kinds of applications use SQL database, binary data and cookies as the common text and these kinds of locations can be easily accessed by hackers at the time of operating systems and frameworks. The hackers can even gain access to the database and can modify the application depending upon the collection of information from machines with the utilisation of different kinds of sophisticated algorithms.
Following are some of the very common application risks to both android and iOS applications:
- Lack of encryption: Encryption is termed as the best possible way of transporting data into ciphered code which can be very much problematic. If enterprise devices do not have any kind of encryption enabled then it can be very much problematic for the organisations. So, utilising a higher level of data encryption will always ensure that the application cannot be easily cracked.
- Binary planting: This is a very general term in which the attacker will be putting a binary file containing different kinds of codes onto a local system so that mobile devices and execution can be undertaken perfectly. In this way, nothing will be very much legitimate and there will be a higher level of compromise with the device security. The hackers can very easily manipulate things and can launch different kinds of vulnerabilities into the devices of the users.
- Mobile botnet: When the infected device will connect to the internet in all such cases it will start to work as a client and will send information to the server. Hence, in this way the hackers will be getting complete control over the device which can be used to send emails, text messages, make phone calls and several other kinds of things that can be ultimately very much issue creating for the users of the devices and applications.
Hence, to get rid of all the above-mentioned issues the organisations need to indulge in proper mobile application security practices implementation so that overall purposes are easily fulfilled with the help of the right kind of tools and overall goals are efficiently achieved without any kind of risk to anybody involved in the whole process.